The challenges of a connected society: Combating digital ageism

The Bottom Line

  • Digital ageism is a form of age discrimination that manifests itself in the field of technology, especially in terms of access and product design. 
  • Older people are sometimes marginalized because of their lack of technological skills, their limited access to the Internet or the stereotypes associated with them. 
  • In a society where artificial intelligence (AI) is becoming increasingly widespread, older people risk being further excluded due to their digital shortcomings and the biases of AI systems. 

In our technology-driven society, access to and mastery of digital tools are essential for accessing information, obtaining services and communicating. We are hearing more and more about artificial intelligence (AI) and its applications, particularly in the fields of health, employment and education. 

However, leading figures have recently called for a halt to the development of certain advanced artificial intelligence systems, in order to better manage innovation and prevent potential harms.(1) Indeed, these systems are fed by data pumped from the Internet, regardless of its veracity. This data therefore reflects society's implicit and explicit prejudices, which can create misinformation, and exacerbate inequalities and different forms of prejudices: such as racism, sexism... and ageism. 

Ageism can lead to social isolation, loneliness, financial insecurity, reduced quality of life and premature death. The World Health Organization estimates that more than 6 million cases of depression worldwide are due to ageism.(2) Older adults use the Internet less than younger people, but the gap is narrowing.(3) Online services, social networks and sharing platforms are tools that enable more and more older adults to be informed, socially engaged, autonomous and connected with family, friends and the community. 

Given the aging population, the question arises: are age-related biases encoded and amplified in artificial intelligence (AI) systems?

Ageism and the digital divide

A recent evidence synthesis examined this question.(4) The results once again reveal the digital divide between those who have access to digital technologies and those who do not. This creates a disparity in access and limits social and community participation.

Despite the fact that more and more people are using the Internet, older adults are less likely to have access to it due to psychological factors or physical barriers such as disabilities, for example. Another barrier is that digital interfaces are rarely designed for this clientele. Those interfaces often use small print, low-contrast colours, confusing technical terms and laborious registration or authentication procedures. 

Bias in AI systems

AI quickly processes a lot of data to establish correlations, predict behaviours and solve problems. On some topics, there isn't enough data available on older adults to train AI systems or create useful applications tailored to this population.

The perceptions and psychomotor abilities of older adults are not always taken into account when designing and developing technological applications, contributing to a low rate of technology adoption.

Some designers seem to believe that the only digital applications that older adults need are those that enable them to manage their health. This bias fosters the idea that older adults are a homogeneous group with health problems who have no other needs, interests or aspirations. AI systems will use such biased data and representations to perpetuate this discrimination, widening the gap between what is offered to older adults and their actual needs. 

Ethical and legal implications

There is no uniform global legal framework for AI governance. The development of laws and regulations poses challenges in relation to their application within and beyond our borders. In addition, in the Canadian context, healthcare and human rights are shared between the federal government and the provinces, making the exercise complex. Moreover, beyond jurisdictional issues, governments must ensure that they protect the public without stifling innovation, while being aware that some AI algorithms benefit from intellectual property protection. 

Future prospects

The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the use and adoption of digital technologies and AI systems. More and more people will be integrating these into their lives, whether to access healthcare or to be socially connected. There are a number of measures we can take today to facilitate the inclusion of older adults:

- Taking into account the needs of older adults to create intuitive, easy-to-use interfaces adapted to various levels of technological skills. 

- Offering more training and resources to develop older adults' technological skills. 

By working together to overcome the challenges of digital ageism, we can create a digital world where every generation has a voice!

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  1. Degré, D. Des sommités de la technologie demandent un moratoire sur le développement de l’IA, Radio-Canada, March 29, 2023.
  2. World Health Organization. Ageism is a global challenge: UN, Geneva, Switzerland, March 18, 2021.
  3. Davidson J, Schimmele C. Evolving Internet use among Canadian seniors, Statistics Canada, Ottawa: Canada, 2019.
  4. Chu CH, Nyrup R, Leslie K, Shi J, Bianchi A, Lyn A, McNicholl M, Khan S, Rahimi S, Grenier A. Digital ageism: Challenges and opportunities in artificial intelligence for older adults. Gerontologist. 2022 Aug 12;62(7):947-955. doi: 10.1093/geront/gnab167. PMID: 35048111; PMCID: PMC9372891.

DISCLAIMER: These summaries are provided for informational purposes only. They are not a substitute for advice from your own health care professional. The summaries may be reproduced for not-for-profit educational purposes only. Any other uses must be approved by the McMaster Optimal Aging Portal (

Many of our Blog Posts were written before the COVID-19 pandemic and thus do not necessarily reflect the latest public health recommendations. While the content of new and old blogs identify activities that support optimal aging, it is important to defer to the most current public health recommendations. Some of the activities suggested within these blogs may need to be modified or avoided altogether to comply with changing public health recommendations. To view the latest updates from the Public Health Agency of Canada, please visit their website.