Fall Prevention Month: 3 ways to reduce your risk of falling

Did you know – falls are the leading cause of injury-related hospitalizations among older adults in Canada, and between 20% and 30% of older adults fall each year? While you might think falling is a natural consequence of aging, it results from several age-related factors, including loss of muscle strength and balance. The good news is falling can be prevented by adjusting your home environment, engaging in exercises that promote strength and balance, and being mindful of your foot health.


Exercise regularly

Exercise – alone or combined with other strategies – can help reduce your chances of falling. Beneficial exercises for older adults living in the community include tai chi, resistance training, and activities that aim to improve flexibility.


If regular exercise is not already a part of your weekly routine, adding it in is not only crucial to your overall physical and mental health, but it can also help prevent falls from happening.


Modify your home

Many older adults choose to stay in their homes for as long as possible; however, many homes have yet to be designed to accommodate their needs as they age. Making modifications in the home can help you perform daily activities more easily and reduce the risk of falling. Occupational therapists can support you with an implementation plan right for you.


Maintain your foot health

Ensuring your feet are in good health is another critical factor in preventing falls. Foot issues such as pain, weak muscle strength, poor range of motion in the ankle, and bunions are just a few examples of problems that may contribute to a greater risk of falling. If you’re worried about your foot health, you may want to consider seeing a podiatrist who can assess, diagnose, and treat you and ultimately help to improve your ability to move safely.


Preventing falls involves looking at many aspects, both physically and environmentally. We have compiled some of our top resources to help educate, inform, and keep you safe on your feet!

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DISCLAIMER: These summaries are provided for informational purposes only. They are not a substitute for advice from your own health care professional. The summaries may be reproduced for not-for-profit educational purposes only. Any other uses must be approved by the McMaster Optimal Aging Portal (info@mcmasteroptimalaging.org).

Many of our Blog Posts were written before the COVID-19 pandemic and thus do not necessarily reflect the latest public health recommendations. While the content of new and old blogs identify activities that support optimal aging, it is important to defer to the most current public health recommendations. Some of the activities suggested within these blogs may need to be modified or avoided altogether to comply with changing public health recommendations. To view the latest updates from the Public Health Agency of Canada, please visit their website.