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Recreation

Staying active is important as we age. Promoting recreational activities, creating public recreational spaces and community recreation programs, as well as supporting opportunities for older adults to engage in private or competitive recreational sports are all approaches to help those who want to age optimally. Learn more in our resources below.

It's not always just a game! Identify the risk of problem gambling among seniors
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  • Evidence Summary

    Developing community-based coalitions and developing competences of older adults are important to promote physical activity

    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (2017)
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    Older adults

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Get help from your family and peer support network if you have a gambling problem. Older adults are at increased risk of developing gambling addictions due to unstable income and more free time.
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    Anxiety and depression

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Mental illnesses, like anxiety and depression, can make a person more likely to participate in harmful gambling. This might be caused by other kinds of tensions in their life, like financial, relationship, and work struggles. Friends of gamblers are more likely to have mental illnesses too.
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    Environment

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Having easy access to gambling venues can make you more likely to develop gambling problems. If gambling is socially acceptable in your environment or venues are attractive you might be additionally at risk. Read the resource for more information on environmental factors that affect your risk of developing gambling problems.
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    Canadian Problem Gambling Index

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    The Canadian Problem Gambling Index (CPGI) is a standardized tool used to measure problem gambling. Not everyone agrees that the CGPI is a perfect tool, but testing in the real world has shown that it is effective in identifying problem gamblers.
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    Fantasy sports

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Learn about fantasy sports in this resource. In fantasy sports, you compete with others to pick a sports team, and receive money if your team does well. Playing fantasy sports might be linked to gambling behaviors. The resource contains more information about kinds of fantasy sports and links to gambling.
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    Lottery

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Learn more about lottery gambling in this resource. Lottery gambling is one of the most common and socially accepted kinds of gambling. Many people consider lottery gambling to be a low-risk form of gambling, but new research suggests playing the lottery might be linked to problem gambling.
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    Slots and Video Lottery Terminals

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Learn more about slot machines and Video Lottery Terminals (LVT) in this resource. Slots and VLT are some of the most addictive and high-risk forms of gambling. To learn more about why these games make it easy to develop high risk gambling behavior, access the resource.
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    Priority populations

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Learn more about priority populations for gambling. Priority populations are groups at higher risk of getting gambling problems. Some Canadian priority populations are older adults, Indigenous people, and the poor. To learn about other priority populations in Canada, check the resource.
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    Social casino games: current evidence and future directions

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Social Casino Games have replaced the slot machines with a lever and three spinning reels. Social Casino Games are gambling-like video games found on social media sites where users can play with friends. These games act as a “gateway” for where individuals who would not normally gamble may start gambling.
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    Venue/casino

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Gambling harm is more common in areas closer to land-based gambling venues. Environmental factors can greatly influence problem gambling. Read this resource for information on the effect of casinos on the proximal community.
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    Interactive conceptual framework of harmful gambling

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    This resource is a map where you can explore different topics that influence gambling behavior. Some topics include: gambling types, culture, society, and exposure. You can access the topics you wish to discover by clicking on the menu bars.
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    Gambling cognitions

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    People with gambling problems often have false beliefs that contribute to their addiction, such as their belief in luck, superstition, and control. Use this tool to search for more examples and testing programs for this distorted thinking.
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    Personality

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Some personality traits make a person more likely to take up harmful gambling, like low self-control and antisocial traits. Use this resource to learn more about the link between personality and problem gambling.
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    Reward system

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    People may be more likely to develop gambling problems when they are more sensitive to winning and/or less sensitive to losing. Use this resource to learn more about how the reward system relates to gambling.
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    Gambling assessment

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Use this tool to learn about the different kinds of assessment tools available for problem gambling.
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    Gambling related harms

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Problem gambling involves financial harm, relationship disruption, emotional distress, and criminal activity. Read this resource for information regarding the detrimental effects of problem gambling.
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    Family and friends

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Evidence suggests that problem gambling increases the risk for family violence and child maltreatment. Read this resource for information on the effects of problem gambling on family and friends.
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    Individual

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Problem gambling can cause health-related issues, employment issues, and homelessness. Read this resources for information about the detrimental effects of gambling to the problem gambler.
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    Venue and community

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Casinos may positively impact the economy of the host community, but can also have detrimental effects to the citizens. Read this resource for information about the effects of new venues on the finance and citizens of a community.
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    Problem gambling and crime and its costs

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Gambling addiction can lead to crime, which is costly for the justice system. People with gambling problems and people doing crimes have shared risk factors. View this resource for policy proposals for reducing gambling crime.
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    Gambling and older adults: what do we know?

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Older people are more prone to developing gambling problems for a variety of reasons. Read this resource on information about how aging affects gambling patterns.
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    The circles of sexuality and aging

    American Society on Aging (ASA)
    Accept that your sexuality lasts throughout your lifetime. Express and fulfill your sexual needs confidently. “The Circle of Sexuality” is a model that describes your sexuality as a mixture of your sensual pleasures, need for intimacy, and sexual identity.
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    Game ON – The Ontario Government's Sport Plan

    Ontario Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Sport
    Participate in amateur sports. The Ontario Government Sports Plan is working to make amateur sports more accessible for older adults. Participate in sports, develop your skills and achieve excellence.
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    Domestic and inter-partner violence

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Families, including both partner and children, of problem gamblers are more likely to experience forms of domestic violence. Studies report high correlations between domestic abuse and the harms associated with gambling. The financial losses and the emotional stresses associated with gambling are some of the causes of violence.
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    A Guide to Programs and Services for Seniors in Ontario

    Ontario Ministry of Senior Affairs
    This resource is a thorough guide to programs and services geared towards Ontario seniors. Some topics covered include recreation, finance, housing and health.
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    Online gambling

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Greater convenience, easier access, and the lack of real cash markers makes online gambling more dangerous than traditional gambling. However, internet gambling also allows players to limit the amount of money staked per hours played. Gambling companies may also use player tracking systems, warning players if their gambling behavior looks risky.
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    Events

    Independent Living Canada
    Independent Living Canada is an organization that supports people living with disabilities. Access this resource for their current events.
  • Evidence Summary

    Gardening can improve the overall well-being of older adults

    Activities, Adaptation & Aging (2013)
  • Evidence Summary

    Gambling disorder is a significant concern for the aging population

    Addictive Behaviors (2014)
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    Know your rights: Joining a gym or fitness club

    Consumer Protection Ontario
    There are many gyms and fitness centers to choose from. Read this resource for information on how to choose the right one for you.
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    Women 55 to 70+ Stats and Facts

    Canadian Association for the Advancement of Women and Sport and Physical Activity
    Older women are increasing in population as the baby boomers are transitioning into retirement. This leads to the requirement of activities and programs suitable for their demographic. This resource provides guidelines on effective programming for older women.
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    Comorbidities

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Possessing a mental health disorder puts you at higher risk for harmful gambling. You could be more susceptible if you suffer from depression, substance abuse, and anxiety.
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    Crime and deviance

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Studies show that those who partake in problem gambling are more likely to be involved in monetary crimes. This resource provides recommendations on possible preventative measures and treatment.
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    Substance use

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Substance use and gambling are highly correlated. They often interact and progress the severity of each other. Intervention may be necessary to treat these addictions.
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    Suicide

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    High stress levels can often cause suicide. Issues that arise from gambling, like significant financial loss and problems at work, can produce this stress, making problem gamblers more vulnerable.
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    Acculturation

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Studies show that immigrants who struggle to adjust to the culture of their new countries have a higher risk of harmful gambling. It is often used to cope with culture shock, loss of social status, and loneliness.
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    Religion

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Religion impacts gambling and help-seeking behavior. Faith can help people overcome gambling problems. Read this resource for information about the impact of religion on gambling habits and recovery.
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    Traditions

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Views of gambling can be positive or negative depending on the cultural norm. Read this resource for information on how culture and attitude affect help-seeking behavior.
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    Charity

    Gambling Research Exchange Ontario (GREO)
    Charitable gambling in Canada helps fund non-profit causes. The harms of charitable gambling are still being researched.
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    Tools for individuals, municipalities, and communities

    Ontario Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Sport
    Heritage is conserving culture. This resource provides tools for people, communities, and cities to preserve heritage.
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    Health & wellness

    YWCA Canada
    Get active! Use this website to learn which YWCA facilities best suit your needs.
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    Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: First Report of Canada

    Council of Canadians with Disabilities (CCD)
    This resource explains the what the government is doing to protect the rights of persons with disabilities. Use the table of contents to find the laws, policies and program created to protect these rights in each Canadian province and territory.
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    Summer is here, enjoy in moderation

    SeniorsZen
    As Summer approaches and temperatures increase, follow these seven steps to stay safe in the heat.
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    News

    Independent Living Canada
    Independent Living Canada is an organization that supports people living with disabilities. Access this resource for their current news.
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    5 real perks of being 55 and older

    After 55 living blog
    Take advantage of the financial benefits given to seniors 55 or older. These benefits lighten the financial burdens of traveling, learning, dining, shopping, and visiting national parks.
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    CAAWS & Canadian Sports for Life (CS4L)

    Canadian Association for the Advancement of Women and Sport and Physical Activity
    Learn how to engage, inspire and empower young women in sports. Various publications are available for coaches and parents to help young women succeed and lead in their respective sports.
  • Blog Post

    Get back to your artistic passions to boost your health and well-being

    Arts have beneficial effects on patients, but also on community-dwelling older adults. It may be time to wake the artist inside you.
  • Blog Post

    Public libraries: Community hubs responding to the needs of older adults

    Public libraries play a significant role in meeting the educational, informational, cultural, recreational, health and social-care needs of older adults.
  • Blog Post

    The men’s sheds : A safe and inclusive space for older men

    Developing activities to promote social activity among older men, especially those who are lonely or socially isolated, is complex. "Men's sheds" can have beneficial effects on mental health and social well-being by allowing men to work, break social isolation and give back to their community.
  • Blog Post

    It's not always just a game! Identify the risk of problem gambling among seniors

    Informing older adults about the risks of problem gambling is important, as well as promoting other types of recreational activities to nurture social interaction and reduce isolation.

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