+AA
Fr
Back
Public Health Article

Effect of 'activity monitor-based' counseling on physical activity and health-related outcomes in patients with chronic diseases: A systematic review and meta-analysis



Review Quality Rating: 8 (strong)

Citation: Vaes AW, Cheung A, Atakhorrami M, Groenen MTJ, Amft O, Franssen FME, Wouters EFM, Spruit MA. (2013). Effect of 'activity monitor-based' counseling on physical activity and health-related outcomes in patients with chronic diseases: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Annals of Medicine, 45(5-6), 397-412.

Evidence Summary PubMed LinkOut Plain-language summary

Abstract

AIM: This review evaluated the effects of activity monitor-based counseling on physical activity (PA) and generic and disease-specific health-related outcomes in adults with diabetes mellitus type II (DMII), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or chronic heart failure (CHF).
METHODS: Four electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled trials using activity monitor-based counseling versus control intervention or usual care in adults with DMII, COPD, or CHF. Pooled effect sizes were calculated using a random effects model.
RESULTS: Twenty-four articles were included: 21 DMII studies and 3 COPD studies. No CHF studies were identified. Pooled analysis showed that activity monitor-based counseling resulted in a significantly greater improvement in PA compared to control intervention or usual care in DMII. Furthermore, these interventions had a beneficial effect on hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), systolic blood pressure, and body mass index (BMI) (P < 0.05), whereas no differences were found on diastolic blood pressure, and health-related quality of life. Meta-analysis of COPD studies was not possible due to lack of available data.
CONCLUSION: Activity monitor-based counseling had a beneficial effect on PA, HbA1c, systolic blood pressure, and BMI in patients with DMII. Data in patients with COPD and CHF are limited or non-existing, respectively.


Keywords

Adults (20-59 years), Behaviour Modification (e.g., provision of item/tool, incentives, goal setting), Cardiovascular Disease, Chronic Diseases, Diabetes, Home, Meta-analysis, Physical Activity, Seniors (60+ years)

Register for free access to all Professional content

Register
Want the latest in aging research? Sign up for our email alerts.
Subscribe

Support for the Portal is largely provided by the Labarge Optimal Aging Initiative. AGE-WELL is a contributing partner. Help us to continue to provide direct and easy access to evidence-based information on health and social conditions to help you stay healthy, active and engaged as you grow older. Donate Today.

© 2012 - 2020 McMaster University | 1280 Main Street West | Hamilton, Ontario L8S4L8 | +1 905-525-9140 | Terms Of Use