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Finkelstein J, Knight A, Marinopoulos S, et al. Enabling patient-centered care through health information technology. Evid Rep Technol Assess. 2012;206:1-1531.
What is the impact of health information technology on patient-centered care?
Patient-centered care is responsive to individual patient preferences, needs, and values.
Experts agree on the importance of patient-centered care. It is a challenge to find ways of delivering it.
Health information technology is the use of computer systems to help with patient care delivery.
This is a summary of a systematic review of 327 studies published since 1998.
184 randomized controlled trials looked at the impact of health information technologies on patient-centered care.
206 studies looked at barriers and facilitators for adopting health information technologies.
The studies had diverse populations (from 10 patients to more than 1,000), diverse settings, and a wide range of interventions.
Studies evaluated processes of care, outcomes, responsiveness to patient needs, joint decision-making and communication between patients and care providers, access to information, improved health knowledge and behavior, satisfaction, and costs.
Some patient-centered information technologies have a positive effect on the outcomes for these conditions:
Examples of health information technologies are
Health information technologies with patient-centered components can have a positive effect on health outcomes that matter to patients.