+AA
Fr
Back
Evidence Summary

What is an Evidence Summary?

Key messages from scientific research that's ready to be acted on

Got It, Hide this
  • Rating:

Home or community-based rehabilitation is as effective as hospital rehabilitation for individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Neves LF, Reis MH, Goncalves TR  Home or community-based pulmonary rehabilitation for individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis  Cadernos de Saúde Pública. 2016;32(6).

Review question

  • Is home or community-based rehabilitation better than hospital rehabilitation for improvements in breathing and quality of life for individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?

Background

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is an irreversible condition, which makes breathing very difficult and greatly reduces the quality of life.
  • Rehabilitation generally occurs in hospitals and helps improve patient breathing.
  • Home or community-based rehabilitation is a promising alternative that allows patients to obtain care from local community centres or at home.

How the review was done

  • A detailed search of a number of electronic databases for studies published from January 2014 up to May 2015 was conducted. Studies that focused on home or community-based rehabilitation for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were included in the review.
  • A total of 3,172 studies were identified in the initial database search, and 23 were included in the review.
  • The systematic review did not mention funding sources.  

What the researchers found

  • Home and community-based rehabilitation was more effective than no treatment for breathing and quality of life.
  • Reviews found that hospital, home and community-based rehabilitation had similar benefits for quality of life.
  • Reviews found that hospital, home and community-based rehabilitation had similar benefits for ease of breathing and oxygen use during exercise.

Conclusion

  • Home and community-based rehabilitation was more effective than no treatment for breathing and quality of life.
  • Reviews found that hospital, home and community-based rehabilitation had similar benefits for quality of life, ease of breathing and oxygen use during exercise.


Related Topics


Glossary

Systematic review
A comprehensive evaluation of the available research evidence on a particular topic.

Related Evidence Summaries

Related Web Resources

DISCLAIMER These summaries are provided for informational purposes only. They are not a substitute for advice from your own health care professional. The summaries may be reproduced for not-for-profit educational purposes only. Any other uses must be approved by the McMaster Optimal Aging Portal (info@mcmasteroptimalaging.org).

Register for free access to all Professional content

Register
Want the latest in aging research? Sign up for our email alerts.
Subscribe
© 2012 - 2019 McMaster University | 1280 Main Street West | Hamilton, Ontario L8S4L8 | +1 905-525-9140 | Terms Of Use