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Social engagement

Social connections play an important role in healthy aging. Loneliness and social isolation can have a significant impact on the physical and mental health of older adults. Critical life transitions such as retirement, death of a spouse and losing a driver’s license are common risk factors for a decline in the social well-being of older adults.

Social isolation: what is it and why is it important to your health?
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  • Evidence Summary

    Interventions for preventing abuse in the elderly

    Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2016)
  • Evidence Summary

    Efficacy and experiences of telephone counselling for informal carers of people with dementia

    Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2014)
  • Web Resource Rating

    Improving housing to improve health - warmth and space are key

    Evidently Cochrane
    Poor housing is associated with poor health. Research shows cold, damp and overcrowded homes can have a negative impact on your respiratory health.
  • Web Resource Rating

    Sorry, what did you say? Living with dysarthria (unclear speech) after stroke

    Evidently Cochrane
    After suffering a stroke, your speech may be unclear depending on which part of your brain was damaged. Better quality research is needed to learn more about how this condition affects people who are recovering from a stroke. This resource includes a personal story from Annette.
  • Evidence Summary

    Support groups may improve depression, quality of life and self-esteem for people with dementia

    International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry (2015)
  • Evidence Summary

    Screening women for intimate partner violence in healthcare settings

    Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2015)
  • Web Resource Rating

    Social isolation: How to help patients be less lonely

    Patient.co.uk
    Reach out to others if you feel lonely or socially isolated. Become more active in your community. If you are a general practitioner or a community nurse, look for key signs of loneliness and help your patients find appropriate help.
  • Web Resource Rating

    Social isolation of seniors - Volume 1: Understanding the issue and finding solutions

    Health Canada
    This resource describes how seniors can become socially isolated due to life circumstances such as sickness, disability, low income or loss of loved ones. Consider various solutions such as offering food coupons, transport subsidy and increasing community activities.
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    Social support: Tap this tool to beat stress

    Mayo Clinic
    A social support network can include friends, family and peers. Social support networks can help you through the stress of tough times. To improve your social support network, you can volunteer, take a class, or join a group.
  • Web Resource Rating

    Complicated grief

    Mayo Clinic
    Complicated grief affects your ability to return to normal activities after the death of a loved one. Signs include lack of focus, intense longing for your loved one, and deep sadness or depression. See a doctor if you experience these symptoms for a prolonged period. If you feel suicidal, call 9-1-1 or a suicide hotline.
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    Sexual health and aging: Keep the passion alive

    Mayo Clinic
    Sexual feelings don't disappear as you age. Illness, medications and health conditions can affect your sexual life. Talk with your partner and remember that people of all ages should practice safe sex.
  • Web Resource Rating

    Stroke rehabilitation

    Health Link B.C.
    Rehabilitation after stroke can help you relearn any skills lost as a result of the stroke. It is important to start rehabilitation as soon as possible after a stroke. This resource provides details about rehabilitation, including frequently asked questions.
  • Web Resource Rating

    The evidence on retirement

    Evidence-based Living
    Retirement can improve your mental health. Research is less clear on whether it helps improve physical health.
  • Web Resource Rating

    Anger management: 10 tips to tame your temper

    Mayo Clinic
    Reduce anger by learning how to better communicate your frustration, taking time out or exercising. If your anger seems out of control or hurts those around you, seek professional help. More tips in this resource.
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    Wide-ranging health benefits of walking groups

    World Health
    People who join outdoor walking groups tend to have improved blood pressure, heart rate, cholesterol, and mood. Walking groups appear to be an effective and safe way to improve your health.
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    Lunch hour? Try going for a walk

    Evidence-based Living
    Walking groups can increase your physical and social health. Going for a 30 minute walk can lower heart rate, blood pressure, and cholesterol. It can also boost your mood for the rest of the day.
  • Web Resource Rating

    Grief: Coping with reminders after a loss

    Mayo Clinic
    Reminders of the loss of a loved one can cause strong emotional reactions, particularly on anniversaries. Plan distractions, start new traditions and surround yourself with friends and loved ones to help cope with your feelings. If grief becomes worse over time, get help from a grief counsellor.
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    Hair loss

    Mayo Clinic
    Hair loss can affect men and women and is more common as we age. Effective treatments include medications, surgery or laser therapy. Wigs or hairpieces are an alternative. A healthy diet and treating your hair gently can help prevent hair loss. See your doctor if you have sudden or patchy loss of hair.
  • Web Resource Rating

    Seniors and Nutrition: Why Eating Together is Better

    American Senior Communities
    As you age your dietary needs will change and you will most likely find yourself eating less. Eating with family or friends can promote healthy eating habits and encourage better food choices.
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    Getting Older and Staying Physically Active

    Healthy Families BC
    Staying active during old age is a great way to stay healthy. Use this resource to learn some considerations you should keep in mind while implementing this change in your lifestyle such as finding a workout buddy, walking more, standing more than sitting and setting personal goals.
  • Web Resource Rating

    Your Personal Passport to Healthy Living

    Active Aging Canada
    Use this resource for more information on physical activity as a senior, healthy eating, mental health and beliefs & attitudes. First, learn about each topic and then fill in the blanks at the end of the resource to personalize your own personal passport for healthy living.
  • Web Resource Rating

    Healthy Eating for Seniors Handbook

    British Columbia Family & Social Supports
    Use this handbook as a guide for healthy eating as a senior and learn how you can find balance in your life. Topics covered include supplements, diets for chronic conditions, recipes and many more.
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    Healthy Eating for Seniors Audiobook

    British Columbia Family & Social Supports
    Listen to this audiobook as a guide for healthy eating as a senior and learn how you can find balance in your life. Topics covered include supplements, diets for chronic conditions, recipes and many more.
  • Web Resource Rating

    What Do We Know About Healthy Aging?

    National Institute on Aging
    Healthy aging can be achieved many ways and learning how to implement simple changes in your life can be beneficial as a senior. Exercising more often, paying attention to your weight, eating healthy foods rich in micronutrients and engaging with others while enjoying your favourite hobby are all great ways to improve your quality of life during retirement.
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    Why You Might Try Tai Chi for Balance and Fall Prevention

    Next Avenue
    Use this resource to learn how alternative medicine such as Tai chi and how it can help improve your balance, your mental health and spiritual health.
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    Taking SS Early Retirement: Weigh The Pitfalls First

    National Council on Aging (US)
    Learn about the benefits and disadvantages of taking pension money out early as social security during retirement.
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    Thinking About Your Future? Plan Now To Age In Place

    Government of Alberta
    This resource guides reflection and planning for aging at your home based on your personal concerns such as health, transportation, finances and social services.
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    Good Friends Might Be Your Best Brain Booster as You Age

    Next Avenue
    This resource describes the proven benefits that come with life long friendships and maintaining social connections in later life. Use this blog post to learn more about seniors over the age of 80 with exceptional memory; “SuperAgers”.
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    Here's a research paper indicating that Men's Sheds are an important part of men's health...

    Men's Sheds
    This resource summarizes how the Men’s Sheds initiative can improve health by giving men a space to talk and do activities together.
  • Web Resource Rating

    How Men's Sheds work

    Irish Men's Sheds
    Learn about how Men’s Sheds in Ireland are engaging men of all ages to participate in leadership activities, communication training and safety maintenance. Use this resource to learn more about why Men’s Sheds are effective at connecting men to their communities and other benefits that come with men’s sheds.
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    Social Isolation of Seniors - Volume II: Ideas exchange event toolkit

    Health Canada
    This resource shares tools and templates to host idea exchange events to better understand how seniors are isolated in the community.
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    Plan your future today - Live the life you want tomorrow

    Employment and Social Development Canada
    This resource shares videos to help older adults feasibly plan for social and support services as well as home adjustments to help them live independently in their community.
  • Evidence Summary

    Gardening can improve the overall well-being of older adults

    Activities, Adaptation & Aging (2013)
  • Evidence Summary

    New technologies can help to reduce social isolation among older adults

    Computers in Human Behavior (2016)
  • Evidence Summary

    Social exclusion can become a downward spiral for older people

    European Journal of Ageing (2017)
  • Web Resource Rating

    Infertility: Should I Have Treatment?

    OHRI
    This patient decision aid helps couples decide on whether or not to try infertility treatment by comparing the benefits, risks, and side effects of both options.
  • Patient Decision Aid

    Infertility: Should I Have Treatment?

    OHRI
    This patient decision aid helps couples decide on whether or not to try infertility treatment by comparing the benefits, risks, and side effects of both options.
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    Hair loss: Should I take medicine to regrow hair?

    OHRI
    This patient decision aid helps people considering using medicine to treat hair loss decide on whether or not to use medicine to encourage hair regrowth by comparing the benefits, risks and side effects of both options.
  • Patient Decision Aid

    Hair loss: Should I take medicine to regrow hair?

    OHRI
    This patient decision aid helps people considering using medicine to treat hair loss decide on whether or not to use medicine to encourage hair regrowth by comparing the benefits, risks and side effects of both options.
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    Forgiveness: Letting go of grudges and bitterness

    Mayo Clinic
    Forgiving others can lead to healthier relationships, less anxiety, and lower blood pressure. Try to reflect on the facts and focus less on your role as a victim. This resource includes tips to consider if you do not want to forgive someone, if you are the one who needs forgiveness and other scenarios.
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    How to Tell Someone You Are Being Abused Starting the Conversation

    Seniors BC
    If you suspect that a senior is being abused or if you are a senior who is experiencing abuse, use this resource as a guide to help you tell loved ones and professionals of your situation. The resource uses plain language to explain all types of abuse and sample sentences you can use to describe your experience.
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    Responding to Elder Abuse Resources: Who to call, when and why

    Seniors BC
    If you think you or someone you know is a victim of elder abuse, use this resource to learn ways to recognize the signs and for a long list of resources in British Columbia that will be able to help you report the abuse.
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    Tips for Helping Seniors Adjust to a New Caregiver

    Aging Care
    It can be hard for seniors to familiarize themselves with a new caregiver. Use this resource to learn how to help seniors to form a connection with their caregiver and ensure a trusting relationship.
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    How to Know if Your Aging Parent Needs a Caregiver

    Aging Care
    Seniors want to stay independent for as long as possible but it is important to recognize when they may need help with everyday tasks. Use this resource to learn about the warning signs that point towards hiring a caregiver.
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    Dating in later life

    Age UK
    It can be hard for seniors to start dating again. This resource describes where you can meet new people, how to register for a dating website and tips for staying safe on the internet.
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    Transportation for Older People & Disabled Drivers

    Elder Care ABC blog
    Use this resource to learn about your options for safe transportation and cars that are suitable for every type of older driver.
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    Get fit by gardening

    WebMD
    Use this resource to learn about the many health and mental health benefits that gardening can offer, if done right. Regular gardening can improve endurance, flexibility and strength and also a great form of therapy.
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    A Guide for the Caregiver

    Government of Manitoba - Health, Seniors and Active Living
    Taking on the role of caregiver for a senior can be a mentally and physically draining task. Use this resource as a guide to help you navigate your new role. Topics covered include counselling services, housing, hospitalization, end of life care, legal matters and other support services.
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    Secrets to healthy ageing

    Better Health Channel
    If you are a senior who is looking to make lifestyle changes to improve your health, use this resource for tips on how to get started. Healthy aging consists of getting active, eating a balanced diet, keeping you brain engaged by learning something new, modifying your home and staying social to name a few.
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    Nutrition for Seniors and Why Eating Together Is Better

    The Care Guide: Source for Seniors
    Seniors need more calcium, zinc, potassium, vitamin A, D and B12 in their diets in order to cater to their changing bodies. Use this resource for tips on how to cater to these needs and learn about the mental health benefits of eating with other people.
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    Nine Ways to Get Someone to Eat

    Today's Caregiver
    Certain health conditions cause a dramatic decrease in appetite, especially in old age. Use this resource for tips on how to get your loved one to eat more regularly and obtain the most calories and nutrients from their meals.
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    Healthy Eating for Healthy Aging

    Newfoundland and Labrador Children, Seniors and Social Development
    Healthy eating is especially important for seniors in order to maintain good health and independence. Use this resource for advice on how eat a balanced yet diverse diet and learn easy recipes that you can enjoy with loved ones.
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    12 Springtime Activities for Seniors

    A Place For Mom
    Spring is the perfect season to get outside and get active. Seniors can stay active in their communities by going for walks on trails, eating outdoors at restaurants, going for picnics, gardening and trying out summer recipes.
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    Gardening: An Activity Anyone Can Do To Improve Their Health

    Seniority: The Mavencare Blog
    Gardening is a great outdoor activity for seniors with a range of physical abilities. Gardening also provides many mental health benefits such as improvements in mood, depression-like symptoms, fatigue and improves self-esteem.
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    10 Summer Activities for Your Aging Parents

    Seniority: The Mavencare Blog
    Some seniors have problems with mobility but this should not stop them from being physically active either indoors or outdoors. Suggested indoor activities include mall walking, water aerobics, and activities at senior centres. Outdoor activities can include bird watching, fishing, walking on trails or even gardening.
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    How to Get Started in a Senior Fitness Program

    American Senior Communities
    If you are a senior who is considering getting active and joining a fitness program, use this resource to help guide you in this process. Before starting, consult you doctor, set a couple fitness goals, find an activity that you enjoy and learn how to pace yourself to prevent injuries.
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    Beneath the Surface: Aquatic Exercise for the Elderly

    Aging Care
    If you are a senior who is looking for new ways to get active, consider integrating aquatic exercise into your fitness routine. Exercising in the water has many health benefits that you may not expect and can also improve your social life as this type of exercise is mostly done in groups.
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    Living at home as you get older

    Better Health Channel
    For some seniors, living at home as long as possible is important for their mental health. Use this resource to learn ways you can maintain independence when it comes to transportation and taking care of yourself.
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    Dealing with grief and loss

    Better Health Channel
    Experiencing grief after the loss of a loved one or because of your loss of independence is a normal part of aging. Each person experiences grief differently, therefore strategies for dealing with these feelings can be important to learn.
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    Healthy and active ageing

    Better Health Channel
    Healthy and active aging includes not only physical activity and eating, but also socializing with others and feeling a sense of community where you live. Tips on types of exercise and healthy food options are given to help you implement this lifestyle change.
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    6 Health Benefits of Dancing

    Aging Care
    If you are looking for a new way to get active during old age, consider dance as an alternative form of exercise. Dancing can help manage mood, improve balance, defend against dementia and heart disease and does not have include formal training.
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    Physical Activity the Key to Healthy Living

    Canada Safety Council
    Adding regular physical exercise to your daily routine is the key to healthy aging and this resource outlines everything you need to know to get started. Some examples of simple exercises are included for your convenience.
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    Gardening for older people

    Better Health Channel
    Use this resource to learn about the many ways you can continue gardening in old age while still enjoying it’s many health benefits. Some adjustments may have to be made to help reduce the physical stress on the body and some safety measures must be addressed as well.
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    Make Physical Activity a Fun and Safe Part of your Healthy Life

    Active Aging Canada
    If you are a senior who wants to get active but is unsure of how to start the process, use this factsheet as a guide. Topics covered include examples of safe exercices, where to go, how to keep from getting bored, what to do if you are not feeling well and alternatives to conventional exercise.
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    Medication management for caregivers

    Be MedWise
    As a caregiver for a senior, managing medications can become stressful and overwhelming due to the number of different medications that are prescribed for various conditions. This guide offers tips for safe and healthy medication management as well signs of adverse effects to look out for.
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    How to help older adults use medicine safely and effectively

    Be MedWise
    If you are a caregiver for a senior, use this resource to learn tips on how to help them use their medicine safely and effectively. Start by asking them to show you what medicines they are taking and how they are managing several pills daily.
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    Walking tips and advice

    Age UK
    Use this resource to learn how walking regularly can help your health, boost your mood and increase flexibility and learn some simple tips on how to get started. Even 10 -20 minutes of walking a day is enough to make a difference.
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    Activities Top Tips: Encouraging Elders to Remain Active in Senior Housing

    Aging Care
    Staying physically active while living in long term care facilities can be hard to maintain as a senior. This resource shares personal stories from family members of seniors who are doing their best to remain active while living in assisted living facilities.
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    How to overcome loneliness

    Age UK
    As a senior it can be hard to recognize loneliness and more importantly, when to get help. Use this resource as a first step in getting help while reading about ways to get back to your old self and stay engaged in your community.
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    A Table for One: Hidden Dangers of Eating Alone

    A Place For Mom
    Learn about the importance of eating meals with other people and how loneliness can hinder your appetite. If you suspect that a senior is not eating enough, use this resource to learn tips on encouraging them to maintain a healthy and stable diet. Tips include, checking their refrigerator, asking them about their appetite, signing up for meal delivery services and more.
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    Mealtime, Loneliness, and Thoughts to Chew On

    Elder Care ABC blog
    Learn about the importance of eating meals with other people and how loneliness does not just mean to be alone. Use this resource and take the initiative of inviting others over for dinner, eating outdoors or even volunteering to serve meals at homeless shelters.
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    Coping with Older Adult Bullying in Senior Living Communities

    Senior Homes
    Bullying is a common problem among senior living communities and this resource describes what this could look like. Learn about ways you can face your bully and coping strategies for victims of adult bullying.
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    Social Activities for Seniors in Assisted Living

    American Senior Communities
    If you are considering moving into an assisted living facility, consider increased social interaction as another benefit that these facilities offer. In assisted living communities there are scheduled social events, fitness classes, community dining and many opportunities for family member visits.
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    The Benefits of Being Social as You Age

    American Senior Communities
    Being social throughout your senior years can be just as effective as exercise at improving quality of life and your mood. If you need ideas on how to get started, use this resource for suggestions on the best social activities that are guaranteed to improve your social life.
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    Care Options

    Yukon Social Services
    Use this resource to learn more about caregiver responsibilities and how this new role can affect you personally. Being a caregiver goes beyond taking care of the elderly, it also involves supporting their healthcare needs and helping to improve their quality of life.
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    Balancing Work and Caregiving

    Yukon Social Services
    Use this resource if you are a caregiver trying to balance both your job and your caregiving responsibilities. Finding a balance between both duties can be exhausting, however this resource provides suggestions on things you should discuss with your employer in order to facilitate this balance.
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    Four Ways to Help Seniors Who Struggle with Depression

    Retired Brains
    Seniors are at a higher risk of developing depression due to increased feelings of loneliness. Use this resource to learn about four easy ways you can help seniors become more engaged in their own life by encouraging physical activity and social interaction, promoting independence and seeking professional help when needed.
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    Care Conversations

    Yukon Social Services
    Use this resource to learn more about caregiver responsibilities and how this new role can affect you personally. Being a caregiver goes beyond taking care of the elderly, it also involved supporting the person's needs and wishes and being part of their health care team.
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    Managing Caregiver Guilt

    Benzie Senior Resources
    If you are a caregiver for a senior, consider using this resource for tips if you are experiencing feelings of guilt. It is common for caregivers to feel helpless and tired, however there are ways you can cope with these feelings.
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    The Sandwich Generation

    Benzie Senior Resources
    The “sandwich” generation is the generation of caregivers that are sharing their time between caring for their own growing families while also taking care of their elderly parents. This can take a toll on the caregiver, which is why it is so important to take care of yourself and really think about if this a feasible option for you. Use this resource for guidance on this topic and strategies to get you started.
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    Relieving Some Winter Stress

    Benzie Senior Resources
    Use this resource to learn more about caregiver burnout and how the stress of being a caregiver can affect your physical health as well as your mental health. This resource also provides coping strategies and relaxation techniques for your own benefit.
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    Understanding Healthcare Decisions at the End of Life

    National Institute on Aging
    If you are being asked to make healthcare decisions for someone who has a terminal illness, it can be overwhelming to make these decisions alone. Consider using this resource to learn about two methods you can use to make the process a little easier; substituted judgement and best interests.
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    Caring for a Person with Alzheimer's Disease: Your Easy-to-Use Guide

    National Institute on Aging
    If you are caring for a person with Alzheimer’s disease, consider using this resource for more information on how the disease can change a person’s personality and abilities. Tips on caregiving and additional resources for end of life care are also provided.
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    End of life: Helping with comfort and care

    National Institute on Aging
    If you are a caregiver for a senior who is nearing the end of their life, consider using this resource to be a better caregiver for them and to learn about ways to cope with your grief after their death.
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    Participating in Activities You Enjoy - More Than Just Fun and Games

    National Institute on Aging
    Learn about the benefits of maintaining an active lifestyle while engaging with your community in the best way you can. Getting involved in your community can be as simple as volunteering for organizations or planning trips with other seniors.
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    What to Do After Someone Dies

    National Institute on Aging
    Use this resource if you are a caregiver for a terminally ill senior and need help with plans after their death. Learn about autopsies, organ donation, and advance care planning.
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    Providing Comfort at the End of Life

    National Institute on Aging
    If someone you love is dying or has a terminal illness, use this resource to learn how you can best support them through this difficult time. Read about the four areas that should be addressed before death which include physical comfort, mental and emotional needs, spiritual issues and practical tasks.
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    The Benefits of Dancing Tango for People of all Ages

    Next Avenue
    If you are a senior and looking for a new way to socialize with people your age, consider joining a tango class. Use this resource to learn about how easy it is to pick up this hobby and how it can reintroduce romance into your life.
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    Mental Health for Life

    Canadian Mental Health Association
    Consider strategies to maintain good mental health such as spending time with positive supporters, becoming involved in your community and seek professional help if needed.
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    Benefits of Hiring In-Home Care for an Older Adult

    Aging Care
    Hiring home care staff can help older adults become more independent by completing household tasks, travelling safely and overcoming isolation.
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    Activities Top Tips: Social Opportunities for Seniors

    Aging Care
    Use this resource to search for potential social opportunities for seniors that have been suggested by experienced caregivers.
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    Caring for someone who's lonely

    Age UK
    This resource helps caregivers spot elder loneliness and provides caregivers with resources and tips on how to help a senior through this difficult time.
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    How to Find the Alzheimer's Care Facility That is Right for You

    Caring.com
    Learn what Alzheimer facilities can offer seniors and what you can expect from living in a facility. Use this resource for tips on how to choose the best care facility, ways to pay for services and government benefits that can help offset prices.
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    Making Friends at 60

    A Place For Mom
    Consider becoming friends by talking to others, pursuing your hobbies, taking classes and going volunteering.
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    Caring for Yourself

    A Place For Mom
    Consider a checklist of information to check when visiting older adults who live alone such as household safety, mental status, nutrition and mobility. Review reminders about self-care and learn to create a wellbeing chart.
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    Caregiver Well-Being Chart

    A Place For Mom
    Consider coping with stress by making a chart to track your emotions during high and low points of the day.
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    Mourning the Death of a Spouse

    National Institute on Aging
    Resource shares symptoms of grief such as trouble sleeping, loss of appetite, difficulty focussing. Consider that people deal with grief differently and recovering takes time. Consider taking care of your health, talking to friends and family and seeking professional help if needed.
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    Getting Help for Your Grief

    National Institute on Aging
    Try not to ignore your grief. Consider ways to help recover by sharing memories with friends, seeking grief counseling and taking care of your health.
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    Getting Started with Long-Distance Caregiving

    National Institute on Aging
    As a long-distance caregiver, you can help loved- ones with finances, organizing care and finding health-related information. Resource shares local resources and other tips to older adults.
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    Long-Distance Caregiving: Tips for Success

    National Institute on Aging
    As a long-distance caregiver, plan your visits, establish your goals, and remember to spend time with your family member. Learn about your family members condition, as well as the medicine and resources they need.
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    How Do I Know if an Aging Friend or Relative Needs Help?

    National Institute on Aging
    With their permission, contact your relative and their neighbours, doctors or relatives to ask about their concerns. Consider visiting the condition of their home and talking to them in person.
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    Sharing Caregiving Responsibilities

    National Institute on Aging
    Consider talking about caregiving responsibility with your relatives and sharing roles based on your limits. Consider being a long-distance caregiver and emotionally supporting your family.
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    Caring for the Caregiver

    British Columbia Family & Social Supports
    It is important to consider your health as a caregiver. Utilize this resource to access caregiver self-assessment and self-help information tools.
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    Building a Care Guide

    British Columbia Family & Social Supports
    To give the person being cared for the treatment they wish for, create a detailed information booklet. Record their health conditions, medical provider contact information and decisions for emergency situations.
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    Daily Care Tips and Advice

    British Columbia Family & Social Supports
    Resource shares links with tips for caregivers on nutrition, medication, transport, assistive devices, bathing and home safety.
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    Caring for Seniors

    British Columbia Family & Social Supports
    Learn what is involved in physically and emotionally caring for older adults. Resource shares links on topics such as finances, housing, and transport for older adults.
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    Social Connections

    British Columbia Family & Social Supports
    Social connections are important to have, but can challenging for seniors to maintain. This resource shares activities and organizations that allow seniors to connect with their community.
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    Community Engagement and Connection

    British Columbia Family & Social Supports
    If you are a socially isolated senior, consider getting involved in your community and maintaining social connections. This resource also shares useful information on the many advantages of age friendly communities.
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    NWT Caregivers Guide

    Government of Northwest Territories Department of Health and Social Services
    This guide for caregivers offers many resources to help with both health and wellness and clarifies responsibilities as caregivers. Use this resource to learn more tips relating to caregiving and planning for the future.
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    The Symptoms of Caregiver Stress

    New Brunswick Home Support Association
    If you are a caregiver that is under stress, consider building a support network in order to reduce the burden on yourself. Use this resource to learn about ways to overcome stress such as exercising more and getting more sleep.
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    What is Compassion Fatigue?

    New Brunswick Home Support Association
    Learn more about the symptoms of caregiver compassion fatigue and ways you can overcome this stress and maintain your mental health.
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    Caregivers Guide

    New Brunswick Home Support Association
    This guide for caregivers offers many resources to help with both health and wellness and clarifies responsibilities as caregivers. Use this resource to learn more tips relating to caregiving.
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    10 Ways for Seniors to Stay Engaged in Their Community

    SeniorsZen
    This resource describes ways in which seniors are staying engaged in their communities through volunteering, taking classes, staying active, joining seniors centres and other activities.
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    Return to social life can be fulfilling for suddenly single seniors

    Healthy Aging Partnership
    This resource shares ways that widowers or suddenly single seniors can return to social life and pursue their interests. Social engagement ideas are also provided.
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    Thinking About Aging In Place

    Government of Alberta
    Consider practical advice for aging in your own community such as planning for social support, health needs and financial security.
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    Hobbies for the Elderly to Maintain Mental Health

    Elder Care ABC blog
    Consider how older adults experience mental health concerns as they age and ways to overcome physical limits.
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    Five Popular Hobbies That Appeal to Senior Citizens

    Elder Care ABC blog
    Consider hobbies such as scrapbooking, golfing, quilting, stamp collecting and fishing that help older adults connect with others and stay sharp.
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    How to Organize a Retreat

    Elder Care ABC blog
    Consider planning a group retreat with friends who share a common interest such as arts, religion or physical activities. Use resource to plan details such as location, agenda and budget.
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    Senior Loneliness & Isolation - A Growing Epidemic

    Seniority: The Mavencare Blog
    Learn about the causes of social isolation and loneliness in older adults, how it impacts their lives and current solutions taken by communities worldwide.
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    Coping with Elderly Loneliness: How to Help Seniors with Loneliness

    The Care Guide: Source for Seniors
    Learn about causes of loneliness in seniors such as loss of relatives, poor physical health, and lack of transport. Watch out for symptoms such as sadness, lack of motivation or sleep disturbances.
  • Web Resource Rating

    Build your own Utility Shed

    Men's Sheds
    As part of the Men’s Shed initiative, this resource gives a step-by-step guide on how to build a shed by following local laws.
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    Men's Sheds: About Sheds

    Men's Sheds
    Learn about Men’s Sheds as a gathering space for men to socialize and to do activities. Resource clarifies the history and purpose of Men’s Sheds.
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    Men's Sheds Canada Toolkit

    Men's Sheds
    Men’s Sheds are a place for men to socialize and do group activities. Learn how to start and develop a Men’s Shed to support men’s mental health.
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    Coping with becoming a widow or widower

    Retire Happy
    This resource explains the difficulties that widowers experience after the loss of a loved one. Use this resource to learn more about other senior’s experiences and how they have overcome their isolation.
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    Best Social Activities for Seniors

    Retired Brains
    Use this resource for inspiration on how to stay social and active throughout your retirement. Some examples of proposed activities include, volunteering, joining a club, taking a class and staying physically active.
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    Tips on Avoiding Caregiver Burnout

    Benzie Senior Resources
    Resource describes signs and causes of caregiver burnout in detail. Consider setting realistic goals, speaking to trusted friends and talk to a professional.
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    What Is Caregiving?

    Benzie Senior Resources
    Learn about the responsibilities and burdens of caregivers. Resource shares how to make your house safer for older adults and how to take care of your mental health.
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    What You Can Expect From A Great Assisted Living Community

    Caring.com
    This resource shares good qualities from assisted living communities such as listening to resident issues, promoting a community environment, allowing faith practice and being pet friendly.
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    Seniors’ Falls Can Be Prevented

    BC injury research and prevention unit
    This detailed research article shares the health and societal impact of falls on older adults in Canada as well as physical, environmental, and social risks for falling. Learn how to decrease risk of falling at home and in the community.
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    Are you dating? Older Adults and Healthy Relationships

    Government of BC
    Use this resource to learn more about healthy older adult relationships and tips to stay safe while still having a good time dating others. Some examples of unhealthy relationships are also given along with resources that be useful this happens.
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    Care conversations, it's about you and the person you support

    Government of Canada - Living in Canada
    Consider having an open and honest discussion with the person you care for to discuss how much you are able to help and understand the person’s needs and wishes. Create a written format of their wishes and learn about their condition.
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    ARCHIVED: Section IV: Age-Friendly Rural and Remote Communities – Checklist of Age-Friendly Features

    Public Health Agency of Canada (aging & seniors)
    This resource shares a list of features to make communities more age-friendly. Consider changing outdoor spaces, transport, housing and community services to help the elderly.
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    Bruno and Alice—A love story in twelve parts about seniors and safety

    Public Health Agency of Canada (aging & seniors)
    Learn about simple steps seniors can take to prevent injuries by making their home safer and watching out for risks. Resource shares a story to demonstrate common risks and adjustments.
  • Web Resource Rating

    Thinking about aging in place

    Health Canada
    Plan to live in your community by making changes to your home. Consider moving to a community with social support, services, transport and other aging-related needs.
  • Web Resource Rating

    Alzheimer's: Caring for Someone Else

    Bright Focus Foundation
    If you are caring for loved one with Alzheimer's disease, remember to take care of yourself first. Try these tips to manage your stress, but seek out professional help if your stress becomes unbearable.
  • Web Resource Rating

    Talking about cancer

    Canadian Cancer Society
    Talking about cancer with others can be hard. This resource provides information on how people may react, what to do if you don’t want to talk about cancer and suggestions for telling loved ones about your diagnosis.
  • Web Resource Rating

    Starting your role as caregiver

    WebMD
    Write down your responsibilities as a caregiver. Make sure your loved one is getting medical and financial benefits. Tips in this resource to help you get organized as a caregiver.
  • Web Resource Rating

    Spirituality and life-limiting illness

    Canadian Virtual Hospice
    A terminal illness may cause you to think seriously about death and dying. You may have spiritual questions about relationships and the meaning of life. Talking about spiritual feelings may help you cope and improve your quality of life.
  • Web Resource Rating

    Finding a spiritual companion

    Canadian Virtual Hospice
    You might find that a spiritual companion helps you talk about your feelings when you are dying. Your spiritual companion can be anyone that you can talk to, like family or friends.
  • Web Resource Rating

    Rituals for patients and families

    Canadian Virtual Hospice
    You can create a ritual for your family to continue after you pass away. You might like to include a tradition, writing letters, or arranging a visit to a special place together.
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    Children at the bedside of a dying family member or friend

    Canadian Virtual Hospice
    Children may want to spend time with their dying loved one. Prepare them for the visit, answer their questions honestly, and show them experiencing grief is normal.
  • Web Resource Rating

    Preventing abuse and neglect of older adults

    Health Link B.C.
    Abuse can affect your health, happiness, and safety and should not be ignored. Abuse can be physical, emotional, financial, sexual or neglect. Tell someone right away if you are being abused.
  • Web Resource Rating

    Tips for visiting

    Canadian Virtual Hospice
    When visiting a loved one, call ahead and avoid interfering with regular schedules. Offer to help with errands and be sensitive to the person's needs and wishes.
  • Web Resource Rating

    What do I say?

    Canadian Virtual Hospice
    Be yourself when talking to someone with an illness. Think about what you would have talked about together before the person was sick. Be sensitive, listen carefully and provide reassurance.
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    Sharing your story

    Canadian Virtual Hospice
    Sharing your personal illness story can help you reflect on and cope with your illness experience. This resource has guidance about how to think about and share your story.
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    Cancer survivors: Reconnecting with loved ones after treatment

    Mayo Clinic
    Repair any lost relationships after cancer treatments by letting others help you, starting up conversations, and being patient. Stay involved, join support groups, and be prepared to answer questions about your treatment and cancer.
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    Four financial mistakes retirees regularly make

    Aging Care
    Avoid common financial planning mistakes. Have a trained financial expert manage your money (rather than a family member), make a long and short term financial plan, be aware of scams and keep your portfolio up to date.
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    Quitting tobacco: Help for the first hard days

    WebMD
    Quitting smoking can be hard, but there are some strategies that can help. Sip cold water through a straw and eat smaller meals. Brush your teeth more often. Stay active. Limit your alcohol, caffeine, and any other triggers you may have for smoking. Be patient, remember your reasons for quitting and ask for help, when you need it.
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    How to volunteer

    NHS Choices
    Volunteering can be a rewarding way to help others in your spare time. Think about what kind of volunteering you would like to do, and look for volunteer opportunities through your employer or online.
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    Loneliness in older people

    NHS Choices
    Feeling lonely can have a negative impact on your health. To help you connect with others, smile (even if it feels hard!), invite friends over for a visit, stay in touch with your friends and family by phone and email, get involved in local community and volunteer activities, and get out and about, planning the week ahead with fun activities to look forward to!
  • Blog Post

    Grandparents' parenting skills: Learning how to better care for your grandchildren

    Parents are primarily responsible for meeting the needs of children, but grandparents play an increasing role in this area. Although they have some experience, having raised their own children, grandparents may face new challenges, some of which are unique to their grandchildren's generation. Can parenting interventions equip them to fulfil their role with grandchildren?
  • Blog Post

    Immersive technologies to address social isolation: Is a technological solution feasible and desirable?

    Immersive technologies are developing at great speed and have spread to many areas. While some envision that immersive technologies could alleviate social isolation and loneliness, the evidence remains limited and some experts have expressed concerns that they may actually exacerbate social isolation.
  • Blog Post

    Cultivating health and well-being

    Gardening is more than a hobby. It is an amazing activity that can have positive effects on health and well-being. Before taking out your shovels and rakes, plan your gardening activities carefully: think about your health and safety, adapt your activities, and socialize.
  • Blog Post

    Aging behind bars

    Aging behind bars poses challenges. Since the vast majority of inmates end up being released into the community, it is important to look into how prison conditions affect older inmates and the support provided to them in order to ensure the success of their rehabilitation and social reintegration.
  • Blog Post

    Tackling a silent beast : Strategies for reducing loneliness and social isolation

    Older adults are especially at risk of experiencing social isolation and loneliness. The characteristics of strategies tackling these issues are important factors in determining whether or not they work.
  • Blog Post

    How online learning can support optimal aging

    Many people have the desire to learn throughout their lives. No wonder so many older adults go back to school, while others turn to online learning!
  • Blog Post

    Intergenerational programs: It takes a village to age optimally

    Intergenerational programs seem to benefit young people, older adults, and society as a whole. Let's learn how to build strong communities with strong intergenerational bonds!
  • Blog Post

    Be prepared: Tips for facing disasters

    Climate change and rapid urbanization can increase the intensity and frequency of disasters. Many factors influence people’s ability to cope with disasters, such as age, health status, income, social support, and the communication channels used to inform them.
  • Blog Post

    Addressing the social needs of older adults: A contributing factor to their health and well-being

    No matter our age, we all have social needs. Volunteering or participating in social activities appears to be the key to address the needs of older adults for greater proximity, meaningful relationships and reciprocity.
  • Blog Post

    Companion animals: can they alleviate loneliness among older adults?

    Companion animals and animal-assisted therapies can improve the physical and mental health of older adults, and animal-assisted therapies appear promising to alleviate loneliness among older adults.
  • Blog Post

    A safe place: Fostering older adults’ sense of security

    Fear of crime is associated with negative effects on health and well-being, regardless of age. This fear can be amplified among older adults who are vulnerable, frail, socially isolated, and who no longer benefit from the same family and community support. Discover what the research tells us about strategies to reduce crime and reduce the fear of crime in your community.
  • Blog Post

    Get back to your artistic passions to boost your health and well-being

    Arts have beneficial effects on patients, but also on community-dwelling older adults. It may be time to wake the artist inside you.
  • Blog Post

    Public libraries: Community hubs responding to the needs of older adults

    Public libraries play a significant role in meeting the educational, informational, cultural, recreational, health and social-care needs of older adults.
  • Blog Post

    Gentrification: When neighbourhoods change, lives change

    Sometimes central and disadvantaged neighbourhoods experience major changes, referred to as gentrification. Neighbourhood gentrification can have a significant impact on older adults who often have low and fixed incomes.
  • Blog Post

    The men’s sheds : A safe and inclusive space for older men

    Developing activities to promote social activity among older men, especially those who are lonely or socially isolated, is complex. "Men's sheds" can have beneficial effects on mental health and social well-being by allowing men to work, break social isolation and give back to their community.
  • Blog Post

    Breaking down the walls of solitude

    Many older adults suffer from loneliness, which is often exacerbated by illnesses or the loss of a loved one. Older adults have different strategies for dealing with loneliness, but those around them also need to help break down the walls of solitude.
  • Blog Post

    The sound of music: promoting the social well-being of older adults with dementia and their caregivers

    Music can promote the social well-being of older adults with dementia and their caregivers. Let the sound of music brighten up our homes and communities for the well-being of older adults and their caregivers.
  • Blog Post

    Depression got you down? Try these 3 self-care strategies

    Coping with depression can feel like an uphill battle. In addition to treatments prescribed by your doctor, taking an active role in your treatment through self-care strategies – such as exercise, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, and reminiscence therapy – can make a big difference in how you feel.
  • Blog Post

    More connected than ever!

    'Ambient intelligence' technologies and social networks are promising ways to foster interactions and prevent some aging-related problems.
  • Blog Post

    Break the cycle of isolation and stay healthy: Get involved in your community!

    Volunteering is a form of civic engagement that builds on the experience of older adults and breaks down social isolation, while providing them with a sense of accomplishment and belonging to the community. Concrete measures can encourage the engagement of older adults and maintain their participation in volunteer activities.
  • Blog Post

    Regaining language skills after a stroke: Will speech therapy help?

    Recovering from a stroke often includes recovering language and communications skills. Speech language therapy can help.
  • Blog Post

    No one left out: Breaking down cultural barriers to support healthy aging

    Not everyone has the same opportunity to access health promotion programs that can save lives and prevent serious illness. Culturally customized materials and approaches can help.
  • Blog Post

    5 tips to stay healthy at home

    Research-based recommendations to stay in your home and community safely, independently and comfortably for as long as possible.
  • Blog Post

    Combat loneliness and depression by sharing memories: Relive those glory days!

    One of the pleasures in life is spending time with family and friends. Another is getting together to relive those good times and memorable moments. New research shows that group activities involving reminiscing can help relieve loneliness and depression.
  • Blog Post

    Exercise plays an active role in treating depression

    Depression is a serious chronic disorder common among older adults. Exercise is recommended as part of a depression treatment plan.
  • Blog Post

    Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy helps prevent relapse in people with depression

    Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy can help prevent relapse among people with depression.
  • Blog Post

    Caring for the caregivers: Who is meeting the care needs of older adults?

    Families of older adults continue to provide the vast majority of care for their members when necessary. Changes in modern society necessitate support for them from the formal healthcare system.
  • Blog Post

    Congratulations, you’ve finally reached retirement... now what?

    Retirement can impact both physical and emotional health. Engaging in meaningful social relationships and roles contributes to optimal health and well being.
  • Blog Post

    Join a walking group to improve your health!

    Walking can contribute to improved health, and walking in groups offers additional benefits.
  • Blog Post

    Loneliness hurts. How to recognize loneliness as a health concern.

    Many older adults are lonely and this could affect their overall health. Changing negative or wrong perceptions about oneself and others is a solution to loneliness.
  • Blog Post

    Social isolation: what is it and why is it important to your health?

    Social isolation should be considered a health risk. Many older adults are socially isolated and this should be of concern to all of us. We need more research on the best way to deal with it.
  • Blog Post

    Multimorbidity: how to improve quality of life when managing several chronic health conditions

    If you have 3 or more health conditions, ask your family doctor about better ways to coordinate your care with other health professionals, and how you might decrease important health risks or improve key functional activities.
  • Blog Post

    If I laugh too hard, I’ll pee my pants! Social isolation and urinary incontinence: there are many effective treatments.

    There are many effective treatments for incontinence, so talk to your health professional, and stop suffering in isolation.

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